Trump learned all his strategies and techniques to gaslight everyone into believing his reality from Roy Cohn. Trump follows Hitler’s handbook as well. Take a look at “World On Fire,” “The World Wars” (both on Amazon Prime), and “All the Light We Cannot See” (Netflix), and you will better understand how life will be when Democracy is destroyed. If we keep following the Trumpism path, democracy will end in November 2024.
Humanity has done this before. Humans tend to go evil, blind, and stupid. And if we remain unconscious, we will do it again. Evil is capable of hypnotizing and seducing the best of us.
Trump gaslights everyone he meets: America, his MAGAs, and all of the world by using Cohn’s techniques and psychological manipulation techniques like “Broken Record” and “Amassing an Army.” If you repeat the same lies repeatedly and appear indigent when someone busts you in your lies, you succeed in programming people to your reality. There are enough people who are easily controlled who not only believe what was said but end up following the programmer blindly and doing things they would never usually do (like storm the Capitol).
Charismatic leaders (like Hitler, Napoleon, Genghis Kahn, Pied Piper, Jim Jones, Donald Trump, etc.) have always led good-hearted people astray. They made typically good people move way past their moral compass, stand on the wrong side of history, and participate in hurt, harm, evil, mutilation, criminal behavior, death, destruction, and war. Hitler didn’t do what he did on his own.
Learn from history, or you are doomed to repeat it. If you don’t like life now, wait until you have to live under an authoritarian regime or dictatorship. Not fun at all. Many people die in horrendous ways.
There’s still time on the Doomsday Clock. It’s not too late, but we’re running out of time. It’s time to stop fascism by channeling our inner Bilbo, Frodo, and Ender. Vote blue and defend democracy. Autocracies suck, and Trumpism is Fascism is the end of Democracy.
Trump’s day in court paints a dark preview of the national ordeal ahead
Analysis by Stephen Collinson, CNN
The judge in Donald Trump’s civil fraud trial despairingly pressed the ex-president’s lawyer: “I beseech you to control him if you can.”
Judge Arthur Engoron’s plea reflected his frustration at an incorrigible witness who boasted Monday about his piles of cash, aimed scathing political attacks and spouted uniquely illogical logic.
But Engoron, who is presiding over the New York trial, also put his finger on a deeper question that will define a singular political figure’s place in history.
And the answer, as always, was no, Trump cannot be controlled.
No mere lawyer could impose the kind of discipline that two-and-a-half centuries of constitutional checks and balances could not provide during Trump’s time in office or since. And after threatening to dismiss the ex-president from the witness stand, Engoron opted to let the Trump storm rage in the apparent hope that it would blow itself out — though history has shown it never does.
Trump’s combative defense against claims he inflated his wealth to rip off banks, insurance firms and New York state, served as a troubling preview of a 2024 election season that is likely to become ensnared with his massive legal peril. But it also revealed insights into Trump’s relentless refusal to give an inch to his enemies and showed why voters who despise East Coast authority figures and liberal societal codes adore him.
His testimony offered warnings to lawyers who will seek to puncture his self-created bubble of alternative realities with facts and evidence — and showed how he might try to charm and confuse jurors in his coming criminal trials.
As he climbed into the witness box and lifted his hand and swore to tell the truth — an almost ironic act given his record of falsehoods — Trump obliterated yet another convention. Ex-presidents in America don’t typically get called to explain their actions in court. And Monday’s four-hour dive into the Trump Organization’s financial records was just a warm up for subsequent criminal courtroom dramas that could mean the Republican Party will nominate a convicted felon for president. Trump denies wrongdoing in each and every case against him.
Trump shows what he will do to save himself
Trump in a blue suit, tie and shirt instead of his campaign livery of dark suit, white shirt and improbably long red tie, left no doubt that if tearing down legal and political systems is what it will take to save him, he won’t hesitate.
“It is election interference because you want to keep me in this courthouse all day long,” Trump told prosecutors working for New York Attorney General Letitia James, accusing her of trying to base a run for governor on an attempt to destroy his business. As he often does, the ex-president was turning facts upside down — it is he who is politicizing the justice system in his own bid for a return to power.
And before he faces judgment, Trump is seeking to discredit the organs of accountability that will seal his fate. “It is an extremely hostile judge,” Trump added, raising his hand to point at Engoron, who sat beside and just above the witness box on the bench.
The ex-president’s day was a microcosm of a riotous life as a real estate magnate, New York City icon, showbiz reality star and demagogic political candidate and US president. He obstructed, exaggerated, spouted insults, brassily trampled courtroom protocol and substituted partisan narratives for the yes and no answers that the judge demanded. Yet Trump also expertly used the outraged stream of consciousness and linguistic dexterity that turns his interrogators in the law, or the media, in knots.
There were even flashes of humor, hinting at one of the key ingredients of the political method that has seduced millions of Americans. Asked, for instance, whether he had built houses on a golf course in Scotland, Trump conceded that he had not but added waspishly: “I have a castle.” And there were oodles of quintessential Trump self-promotion. He boasted that his Florida Mar-a-Lago resort was “a very successful club,” said he’d built the “best building on the West Coast” and claimed dubiously that his 18 holes in Aberdeen was the “greatest golf course ever built.”
At one point, Trump mused: “I’ve had a lot of cash for a long time.”
Trump’s supporters could not watch him since the trial was not televised but they would have recognized the bulldozer on the witness stand and the blow-it-all-up persona that made a twice-impeached, four times indicted ex-president who left Washington in disgrace nearly three years ago again the Republican front-runner.
It became clear long before Trump left court complaining of a “scam” that his legal strategy was indistinguishable from his familiar political one: admit nothing and brand any criticism as proof of a vast, unfair plot against him. The goal was transparent: leverage the latest bid to call him to account into a campaign fueled by a martyr complex that can win back presidential powers to drive away his legal woes.
“People are sick and tired of what’s happening. I think it’s a very sad day for America,” Trump said at the end, before noting The New York Times polls showing him leading President Joe Biden in key swing states — a tactic his lawyer Chris Kise also used to imply the “soon to be” next president wasn’t being shown sufficient respect.
Trump’s dignity is ruffled
Yet Monday was also a rude awakening for Trump.
Retired commanders-in-chief are usually surrounded by a force field of deference, with their secret service detachments and forever title of “Mr. President.” Trump has long posed as the alpha male and his entire business and political creed — in person and on social media – is based on intimidation. But it must have been a long time since anyone had shushed Trump like Engoron, cutting him off ahead of another meander by saying, “No, no, you answered the question.”
There was no “Mr. President” from the attorney general’s lawyers or the judge. The witness was simply “Mr. Trump.” He sat on a leather chair, alone in the wood-paneled witness box, his hands clasped in his lap.
But the trial quickly became a test of wills between Trump and Engoron over who controlled the court. After one trip by Trump down a rabbit hole, the judge asked the lawyers if they had asked for an “essay” on brand value. Frustrated with partisan asides, Engoron warned that “this is not a political rally, this is a courtroom.” And the judge bristled at the ex-president’s complaint that he always ruled against him. Adopting a tone typical of Trump subordinates, Kise argued with the judge’s admonitions against speeches and lauded the ex-president’s “brilliant” replies.
Later, the judge, perhaps trying to avoid offering grist for a potential appeal said he’d let the ex-president ramble. But by the end of the day, Engoron’s resolve frayed: “It feels like a broken record,” he said of Trump’s answers. The ex-president snapped back: “He keeps asking me the same question over and over.” Engoron will however get the last word. He has already ruled that Trump, his two adult sons and the Trump Organization are liable for fraud in inflating his wealth in return for advantageous deals with banks and insurance firms. The trial will resolve related claims and decide how much restitution is due and whether he will be barred from doing business in New York.
How Trump defended himself
It was hard to tell whether Trump had helped or hurt himself. He did appear to disrupt the smooth running of the trial. But – as he complained at one point – there is no jury, and Engoron will be left to adjudicate the trial.
Trump’s defense broadly rested on three planks. He denied accusations that he’d inflated his properties, insisting conversely that he’d undervalued most of them by not including ill-defined millions of dollars implied by his “brand” and its potential. He claimed that he was protected by a disclaimer clause in financial documents, which meant that banks and insurance firms had to do their own due diligence. And he repeatedly insisted that “there were no victims,” so there can have been no crime.
This blanket deniability and belief in his own imperviousness echoed Trump’s false proclamations in office that the Constitution granted him almost absolute powers. Or that the phone call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky that earned him his first impeachment or his January 6, 2021 speech before the Capitol insurrection were “perfect.”
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‘Crash and burn’: Elie Honig reacts to Trump’s courtroom strategy
01:22 – Source: CNN
Trump also offered an intriguing glimpse into his mindset as a businessman that makes it easier to understand his false insistence that he actually won the 2020 election when he clearly lost it.
“I can look at a building and tell you what they are worth,” he said, creating the impression that the true valuation of a property was something he could just pluck out of the air, with little regard for all the complex financial instruments that normally add up to an investment’s true value. This desire to make a reality just what he wants it to be has long defined Trump’s political approach. And he seems to adopt a similar tactic in looking at an election and deciding who won regardless of the actual evidence about who got the most votes.
This question of whether Trump actually believes what he says will be key to two election interference trials — one in federal court in Washington and one in Georgia where prosecutors must show he intended to break the law. Trump insists that he was convinced he won in 2020, despite all evidence to the contrary. And in his virtual reality world, he may believe it or may at least be able to convince a jury he did.
But the most sobering takeaway of Trump’s day in court on Monday was that while the law might succeed in enforcing accountability where constitutional and political constraints failed, there is no sign yet that anyone or anything can bring the potential 47th president of the United States under control.
Where’s My Roy Cohn?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Where’s My Roy Cohn?|
|Directed by||Matt Tyrnauer|
|Release date||25 January 2019 (Sundance Film Festival)|
|Running time||1 hour, 37 minutes.|
Where’s My Roy Cohn? is a 2019 documentary film, directed by Matt Tyrnauer, and produced by Matt Tyrnauer, Marie Brenner, Corey Reeser, Joyce Deep, and Andrea Lewis. The film stars American lawyer Roy Cohn as himself, alongside Ken Auletta, Anne Roiphe, Roger Stone, Donald Trump, and Barbara Walters. The title is reported to be a quote from President Donald Trump, as he discussed Attorney General Jeff Sessions‘s recusal from the Mueller Investigation.
In 1951, Cohn is a 24-year-old legal assistant at the office of United States Attorney General J. Howard McGrath at the Justice Department. The “Communist menace” according to one of the commentators was preoccupying the public in the 1950s. Cohn serves on the prosecution team in the trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The commentators accuse judge Irving Kaufman of judicial misconduct.
In the 1940s and 1950s, being gay was widely seen a negative trait; people in positions of power in government weren’t permitted to be LGBT. Cohn served as legal counsel during the Lavender scare in the 1950s. The commentators claim that there was “romantic crush” between David Schine and Cohn. Since being gay was a pejorative in the 1950s, the opposing counsel Joseph N. Welch in the Army–McCarthy hearings made many homophobic remarks against Cohn.
Cohn was engaged to Barbara Walters for a while.
Donald Trump hires Cohn as his attorney. They first meet at the Le Club in Manhattan when Trump is 23 years old.
In interviews with Mike Wallace and Larry King, Cohn repeatedly and expressely states that he isn’t gay; furthermore, he states that he doesn’t have AIDS. The commentators say that Cohn had developed HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder shortly before dying.
On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 87%, based on 82 reviews, with an average rating of 7.1/10. The website’s consensus reads, “It’s blunt rather than balanced, but Where’s My Roy Cohn? does what it sets out to do, offering a disquieting summary of its subject’s life and legacy.” Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 70 out of 100, based on 26 critics, indicating “Generally favorable reviews.”
Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly wrote, “Tyrnauer smartly doesn’t overplay the symbolism of their relationship, or work too hard to connect the dots; it’s all there to take or leave in the film’s shrewd, illuminating exploration of a man whose influence, for better or worse, may have far outdone even his wildest dreams”. David Klion of The New Republic wrote, “As a portrait of Cohn, the documentary is riveting”. Justin Chang of the Los Angeles Times wrote, “The movie can’t fully disguise its glee as it lingers over the particulars of Cohn’s death — or, for that matter, its all-too-convincing lament that his spirit is still alive and well”. Brian Lowry of CNN wrote, “Where’s My Roy Cohn? is by no means a flattering portrait; rather, the film portrays Cohn as being emblematic of everything that’s wrong with politics, class disparity and the current toxic political environment”.
Katherine Steinbach of Nonfics wrote, “Matt Tyrnauer’s scintillating, gossipy, heavy-handed documentary Where’s My Roy Cohn? delves into Cohn’s contradictions without much illumination”. Armond White of the National Review wrote, “Where’s My Roy Cohn? typifies the “Gotcha” doc, a genre of the Fake News era that ignores objectivity and fairness in order to press politicized righteousness”. Charles Bramesco of The A.V. Club wrote, “Anyone with the vaguest consciousness of American political history doesn’t need 97 minutes to learn that this dead-eyed ethical vacuum was a bad person, or even the depth of his badness”.
- ^ “Where’s My Roy Cohn”. Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- ^ “Where’s My Roy Cohn”. The Numbers. IMDb. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (5 January 2018). “Obstruction Inquiry Shows Trump’s Struggle to Keep Grip on Russia Investigation”. The New York Times.
- ^ “Where’s My Roy Cohn? (2019)”, Rotten Tomatoes, Fandango, retrieved 2021-10-30
- ^ Where’s My Roy Cohn?, retrieved 2019-10-26
- ^ “A telling portrait of a legendary fixer is explored in clear-eyed doc ‘Where’s My Roy Cohn?'”. EW. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ Klion, David (2019-09-18). “Covering for Roy Cohn”. The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ “Review: ‘Where’s My Roy Cohn?’ is a blunt, absorbing account of a master manipulator’s life and crimes”. Los Angeles Times. 2019-09-19. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ Brian Lowry (19 September 2019). “‘Where’s My Roy Cohn?’ profiles notorious lawyer with Trump ties”. CNN. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ “‘Where’s My Roy Cohn?’ Review: Bullying the Bully”. Nonfics. 2019-09-20. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ “Where’s My Roy Cohn? Is a Lesson in Demonization”. National Review. 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- ^ Bramesco, Charles. “Title aside, Where’s My Roy Cohn? doesn’t ask many questions about its famously awful subject”. Film. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- 2019 films
- Films directed by Matt Tyrnauer
- Sony Pictures Classics films
- 2010s English-language films
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Cohn in 1964|
|Born||Roy Marcus Cohn|
February 20, 1927
New York City, U.S.
|Died||August 2, 1986 (aged 59)|
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
|Education||Columbia University (BA, LLB)|
|Known for||Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial (1951)Joseph McCarthy’s chief counsel (1953–1954)Donald Trump’s attorney and mentor (1973–1985)|
|Parents||Albert C. CohnDora Marcus|
|Family||Joshua Lionel Cowen (great-uncle)|
Roy Marcus Cohn (/koʊn/; February 20, 1927 – August 2, 1986) was an American lawyer and prosecutor who came to prominence for his role as Senator Joseph McCarthy‘s chief counsel during the Army–McCarthy hearings in 1954, when he assisted McCarthy’s investigations of suspected communists. In the late 1970s and during the 1980s, he became a prominent political fixer in New York City. He also represented and mentored New York City real estate developer and future U.S. President Donald Trump during his early business career. His other clients included New York Yankees baseball club owner George Steinbrenner; Aristotle Onassis; and Mafia bosses Fat Tony Salerno, Carmine Galante, and John Gotti.
Cohn was born in The Bronx in New York City and educated at Columbia University. He rose to prominence as a U.S. Department of Justice prosecutor at the espionage trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, where he successfully prosecuted the Rosenbergs leading to their execution in 1953. As a prosecuting chief counsel during the McCarthy trials, his reputation deteriorated during the late 1950s to late 1970s after McCarthy’s downfall.
In 1986, he was disbarred by the Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court for unethical conduct after attempting to defraud a dying client by forcing the client to sign a will amendment leaving him his fortune. He died five weeks later from AIDS-related complications, having vehemently denied that he had HIV.
Early life and education
Born to an affluent Jewish family in the Bronx, New York City, Cohn was the only child of Dora née Marcus (1892–1967) and Judge Albert C. Cohn (1885–1959); his father was an Assistant District Attorney of Bronx County, then appointed as a judge of the Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court. His paternal great-uncle was Joshua Lionel Cowen, the founder and longtime owner of the Lionel Corporation, a manufacturer of toy trains.
Cohn and his mother were close; they lived together until her death in 1967 and she was constantly attentive to his grades, appearance and relationships. When Cohn’s father insisted that his son be sent to a summer camp, his mother rented a house near the camp and her presence cast a pall over his experience. In personal interactions, Cohn showed tenderness which was absent from his public persona, but exhibited deeply ingrained vanity and insecurity.
Cohn’s maternal grandfather, Joseph S. Marcus, founded the Bank of United States in 1913. The bank failed in 1931 during the Great Depression, and its then-president, Bernie Marcus, Cohn’s uncle, was convicted of fraud. Bernie Marcus was imprisoned at Sing Sing, and the young Cohn frequently visited him there.
After his graduation from law school, Cohn worked as a clerk for the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York for two years. In May 1948, at age 21, he was old enough to be admitted to the state bar. He became an assistant U.S. attorney later that month.
As an Assistant US Attorney, Cohn helped to secure convictions in a number of well-publicized trials of accused Soviet moles. One of the first began in December 1950 with the prosecution of William Remington, a former Commerce Department employee and member of the War Production Board who had been charged with espionage following the defection of former KGB handler Elizabeth Bentley. Although an indictment for espionage could not be secured, Remington had denied his longtime membership in the Communist Party USA under oath on two separate occasions and was later convicted of perjury in two separate trials.
While working in Saypol’s office for the Southern District of New York, Cohn also assisted the prosecution team of 11 senior members of the American Communist Party for advocating for the violent overthrow of the U.S. Federal Government, under the Smith Act.
Main article: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Cohn played a prominent role in the 1951 espionage trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Cohn’s direct examination of Ethel’s brother, David Greenglass, produced testimony that was central to the Rosenbergs’ conviction and subsequent execution. Greenglass testified that he had assisted the espionage activities of his brother in law by acting as a courier of classified documents that had been stolen from the Manhattan Project by Klaus Fuchs.
Greenglass would later change his story and allege that he committed perjury at the trial in order “to protect himself and his wife, Ruth, and that he was encouraged by the prosecution to do so.” Cohn always took great pride in the Rosenberg verdict and claimed to have played an even greater part than his public role. He said in his autobiography that his own influence had led to both Chief Prosecutor Saypol and Judge Irving Kaufman being appointed to the case. Cohn further said that Kaufman imposed the death penalty based on his personal recommendation. Cohn denied, however, participation in any illegal ex parte discussions.
There is now a consensus among historians that Julius Rosenberg was guilty of being a highly valued NKVD spymaster against the United States, but that his trial was marred by prosecutorial misconduct – mainly by Roy Cohn – and that the Rosenbergs should not have been executed. Distilling this consensus, Harvard Law School professor Alan Dershowitz wrote that the Rosenbergs were “guilty – and framed.”
Work with Joseph McCarthy
Main article: Army–McCarthy hearings
The Rosenberg trial brought the 24-year-old Cohn to the attention of Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director J. Edgar Hoover. With support from Hoover and Cardinal Spellman, Hearst columnist George Sokolsky convinced Joseph McCarthy to hire Cohn as his chief counsel, choosing him over Robert F. Kennedy. Cohn assisted McCarthy’s work for the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, becoming known for his aggressive questioning of suspected Communists. Cohn preferred not to hold hearings in open forums, which went well with McCarthy’s preference for holding “executive sessions” and “off-the-record” sessions away from the Capitol to minimize public scrutiny and to question witnesses with relative impunity. Cohn was given free rein in pursuit of many investigations, with McCarthy joining in only for the more publicized sessions.
Cohn played a major role in McCarthy’s anti-Communist hearings. During the Lavender Scare, Cohn and McCarthy alleged that Soviet Bloc intelligence services had blackmailed multiple U.S. Federal Government employees into committing espionage in return for not exposing their closeted homosexuality. In response, President Dwight Eisenhower signed an executive order on April 29, 1953, to ban homosexuals, whom he considered a national security risk, from being employed by the federal government. According to David L. Marcus, Cohn’s cousin, many Federal employees in Washington, D.C. who were exposed as homosexuals by Cohn and McCarthy committed suicide. As time went on, it became well known that Cohn was discreetly having illegal gay sex, although he always denied it.
Sokolsky introduced G. David Schine, an anti-Communist propagandist, to Cohn, who invited him to join McCarthy’s staff as an unpaid consultant. When Schine was drafted into the US Army in 1953, Cohn made extensive efforts to procure special treatment for him, even threatening to “wreck the Army” if his demands were not met. That conflict, along with McCarthy’s claims that there were Communists in the Defense Department, led to the Army–McCarthy hearings of 1954, during which the Army charged Cohn and McCarthy with using improper pressure on Schine’s behalf, and McCarthy and Cohn countercharged that the Army was holding Schine “hostage” in an attempt to squelch McCarthy’s investigations into Communists in the Army.
The Army-McCarthy hearings ultimately contributed to McCarthy’s censure by the Senate later that year. After resigning from McCarthy’s staff, Cohn returned to New York and entered private practice as an attorney.
Legal career in New York
After resigning from McCarthy’s staff, Cohn had a 30-year career as an attorney in New York City. His clients included Donald Trump; New York Yankees baseball club owner George Steinbrenner; Aristotle Onassis; Mafia figures Tony Salerno, Carmine Galante, John Gotti and Mario Gigante; Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager (who hosted his birthday there one year – the invitation appearing like a subpoena); the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York; Texas financier and philanthropist Shearn Moody, Jr.; and business owner Richard Dupont. Dupont, then 48, was convicted of aggravated harassment and attempted grand larceny for his extreme attempts at coercing further representation by Cohn for a bogus claim to property ownership in a case against the actual owner of 644 Greenwich Street, Manhattan, where Dupont had operated Big Gym, and from where he had been evicted in January 1979. Throughout Cohn’s career there were accusations of theft, obstruction of justice, extortion, tax evasion, bribery, blackmail, fraud, perjury, and witness tampering. Cohn was known for his active social life, charitable giving, and combative and loyal personality. His combative personality would often come out in the threatening letters he would send to those who dared to prosecute or sue his clients.
In 1979, Cohn became a member of the Western Goals Foundation; he served on the board of directors with Edward Teller. Although he was registered as a Democrat, Cohn supported most of the Republican presidents of his time and Republicans in major offices across New York. He maintained close ties in conservative political circles, serving as an informal advisor to Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. Cohn was also linked to and worked with Democrats such as Ed Koch, Meade Esposito, and John Moran Bailey. While on the 1980 Reagan campaign, he befriended Roger Stone and introduced him to Donald Trump. Cohn’s other clients included retired Harvard Law School professor Alan Dershowitz, who has referenced Cohn as “the quintessential fixer.”
Representation of Donald Trump and Rupert Murdoch
In 1971, Donald Trump first undertook large construction projects in Manhattan. In 1973, the Justice Department accused Trump of violating the Fair Housing Act in 39 of his properties. The government alleged that Trump’s corporation quoted different rental terms and conditions and made false “no vacancy” statements to African Americans for apartments it managed in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.
Representing Trump, Cohn filed a countersuit against the government for $100 million, asserting that the charges were “irresponsible and baseless.” The countersuit was unsuccessful. Trump settled the charges out of court in 1975, saying he was satisfied that the agreement did not “compel the Trump organization to accept persons on welfare as tenants unless as qualified as any other tenant.” The corporation was required to send a bi-weekly list of vacancies to the New York Urban League, a civil rights group, and give the league priority for certain locations. In 1978, the Trump Organization was again in court for violating terms of the 1975 settlement; Cohn called the new charges “nothing more than a rehash of complaints by a couple of planted malcontents.” Trump denied the charges.
Cohn was allegedly involved in the construction of Trump Tower. Trump Tower was to be built with concrete, however, at the time there was a city-wide Teamster strike and most unions in Manhattan were controlled by or had ties to organized crime. Cohn had represented mobsters in the past like Carmine Galante and Anthony Salerno. Salerno and Paul Castellano at the time controlled the concrete unions in Manhattan and, when Donald Trump needed concrete, he received it from union leader John Cody who was linked to mob boss Castellano.
Rupert Murdoch was a client, and Cohn repeatedly pressured President Ronald Reagan to further Murdoch’s interests. He is credited with introducing Trump and Murdoch, in the mid-1970s, marking the beginning of what was to be a long, pivotal association between the two.
Cohn was the grandnephew of Joshua Lionel Cowen, founder of the Lionel model train company. By 1959, Cowen and his son Lawrence had become involved in a family dispute over control of the company. In October 1959, Cohn and a group of investors stepped in and gained control of the company, having bought 200,000 of the firm’s 700,000 shares, which were purchased by his syndicate from the Cowens and on the open market over a three-month period prior to the takeover.
Later career and disbarment
Cohn aided Roger Stone in Ronald Reagan’s presidential campaign in 1979–1980, helping Stone arrange for John B. Anderson to get the nomination of the Liberal Party of New York, a move that would help split the opposition to Reagan in the state. Stone said Cohn gave him a suitcase that Stone avoided opening and, as instructed by Cohn, dropped it off at the office of a lawyer influential in Liberal Party circles. Reagan carried the state with 46 percent of the vote. Speaking after the statute of limitations for bribery had expired, Stone said, “I paid his law firm. Legal fees. I don’t know what he did for the money, but whatever it was, the Liberal Party reached its right conclusion out of a matter of principle.”
Cohn had many influential friends. According to Christine Seymour, his long-time switchboard operator, Cohn had frequent phone calls with Nancy Reagan and the former CIA director William Casey, who “called Roy almost daily during [Reagan’s] 1st election.” Both Casey and Cohn were reportedly close with Craig J. Spence, a high-powered Republican lobbyist known for his extravagant parties. Cohn referred to Donald Trump as his best friend. Cohn told journalists that Trump phoned him 15 to 20 times a day and according to Seymour’s notes, Trump was the last person to speak to Cohn on the phone before he died in 1986. Cohn exchanged Christmas gifts with FBI director J. Edgar Hoover; the two also reportedly attended parties with their mutual sponsor and friend, Lewis Rosenstiel, wealthy founder of liquor company Schenley Industries. Cohn also attended events and parties with prominent people such as Margaret Trudeau and Virginia Graham. Cohn dated Barbara Walters in college and remained friends with her. Cohn got to know Alan Dershowitz when they worked together on the Claus von Bülow case and praised Dershowitz’s support for Israel. Cohn was a close friend (some said lover) of Cardinal Francis Spellman, and described Generoso Pope as “a second father.” Pope’s son Generoso Jr. — who would go on to run The National Enquirer— was Cohn’s classmate at Horace Mann and so was the heir to the Condé Nast publishing empire, Si Newhouse, another life-long friend. Cohn was also friends with Norman Mailer, Bianca Jagger, Estée Lauder, William F. Buckley Jr., New York City mayor Abraham Beame and Carmine DeSapio.
Following federal investigations during the 1970s and 1980s, Cohn was charged three times with professional misconduct, including perjury and witness tampering, and he was accused in New York of financial improprieties related to city contracts and private investments. He was acquitted on all charges. Many famous people showed up as character witnesses including Barbara Walters, Firing Line host William F. Buckley Jr., Alan Dershowitz and Donald Trump. In 1986, a five-judge panel of the Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court disbarred Cohn for unethical and unprofessional conduct, including misappropriation of clients’ funds, lying on a bar application, and falsifying a change to a will. The last charge arose from an incident in 1975, when Cohn entered the hospital room of the dying and unconscious Rosenstiel, forced a pen into his hand, and lifted it to a document appointing himself and Cathy Frank, Rosenstiel’s granddaughter, executors. The resulting marks were determined in court to be indecipherable and in no way a valid signature.
When Cohn recruited G. David Schine as chief consultant to the McCarthy staff, speculation arose that Schine and Cohn had a sexual relationship. Schine’s chauffeur later volunteered to testify that he had seen the two “engaged in homosexual acts” in the back of his limousine, though there was no evidence that Schine ever had any romantic feelings for Cohn. During this period, Schine dated the actress Piper Laurie, and he eventually married a former Miss Universe, producing six children. During the Army–McCarthy hearings, Cohn denied having any “special interest” in Schine or being bound to him “closer than to the ordinary friend”. Joseph Welch, the Army’s attorney in the hearings, made an apparent reference to Cohn’s homosexuality. After asking a witness, at McCarthy’s request, if a photo entered as evidence “came from a pixie”, he defined “pixie” as “a close relative of a fairy”. “Pixie” was a camera-model name at the time; “fairy” is a derogatory term for a homosexual man. The people at the hearing recognized the implication, and found it amusing; Cohn later called the remark “malicious”, “wicked”, and “indecent”.
The young Cohn also attached himself to several older powerful men who, in return, provided Cohn with assistance. One of them was New York’s Cardinal Francis Spellman, whose own alleged homosexuality has been a subject of controversy in the Catholic Church. During the years of debate over the passage of New York’s first gay rights bill, Cohn would align himself with the Archdiocese of New York and express his conviction that “homosexual teachers are a grave threat to our children”.
Although Cohn always denied his homosexuality in public, he had a few known boyfriends over the course of his life, including his assistant Russell Eldridge, who died from AIDS in 1984, and Peter Fraser, Cohn’s partner for the last two years of his life, who was 30 years his junior.
Speculation about Cohn’s sexuality intensified following his death from AIDS in 1986. In a 2008 article published in The New Yorker, Jeffrey Toobin quotes Cohn associate Roger Stone: “Roy was not gay. He was a man who liked having sex with men. Gays were weak, effeminate. He always seemed to have these young blond boys around. It just wasn’t discussed. He was interested in power and access.”
See also: Lavender scare
Cohn and McCarthy targeted government officials and cultural figures not only for suspected Communist sympathies, but also for alleged homosexuality.
McCarthy and Cohn were responsible for the firing of scores of gay men from government employment, and strong-armed many opponents into silence using rumors of their homosexuality. Former U.S. Senator Alan K. Simpson wrote: “The so-called ‘Red Scare’ has been the main focus of most historians of that period of time. A lesser-known element…and one that harmed far more people was the witch-hunt McCarthy and others conducted against homosexuals.”
Sexual blackmail allegations
According to New York attorney John Klotz, who had been investigating Cohn on behalf of his client Richard Dupont, Cohn provided protection for a “ring of pedophiles” operating out of Suite 233 at the Plaza Hotel. The ring, Klotz wrote, had “connections to the intelligence community”.
Some of Cohn’s former clients, including Bill Bonanno, son of crime boss Joseph Bonanno, also credit him with having compromising photographs of former FBI director J. Edgar Hoover. Because Hoover knew the pictures existed, Cohn told Bonanno, Hoover feared being blackmailed. Other organized crime figures have corroborated these allegations.
In 1984, Cohn was diagnosed with AIDS and attempted to keep his condition secret while receiving experimental drug treatment. He participated in clinical trials of AZT, a drug initially synthesized to treat cancer but later developed as the first anti-HIV agent for AIDS patients. He insisted to his dying day that his disease was liver cancer. He died on August 2, 1986, in Bethesda, Maryland, of complications from AIDS, at the age of 59. At death, the IRS seized almost everything he had. One of the things that the IRS did not seize was a pair of diamond cuff links, given to him by his client and friend Donald Trump.
According to Roger Stone, Cohn’s “absolute goal was to die completely broke and owing millions to the IRS. He succeeded in that.” He was buried in Union Field Cemetery in Queens, New York. While his tombstone describes him as a lawyer and a patriot, the AIDS Memorial Quilt describes him as “Roy Cohn. Bully. Coward. Victim.” It is this latter description that made Tony Kushner interested in Cohn.
In 1978, Ken Auletta wrote in an Esquire profile of Cohn: “He fights his cases as if they were his own. It is war. If he feels his adversary has been unfair, it is war to the death. No white flags. No Mr. Nice Guy. Prospective clients who want to kill their husband, torture a business partner, break the government’s legs, hire Roy Cohn. He is a legal executioner—the toughest, meanest, loyalest, vilest, and one of the most brilliant lawyers in America.”
Politico writer Michael Kruse wrote of Cohn: “He was preening and combative, look-at-me lavish and loud. It was an act. The truth was he hated what he was—a lawyer who hated lawyers, a Jewish person who hated Jewish people, and a gay person, fiercely closeted if haphazardly hidden, who hated gay people, calling them ‘fags’…”
Maureen Dowd wrote in an article for The New York Times which described Matt Tyrnauer’s film Where’s My Roy Cohn?: “Roy Cohn understood the political value of wrapping himself in the flag. He made good copy. He knew how to manipulate the press and dictate stories to the New York tabloids. He surrounded himself with gorgeous women. There was always something of a nefarious nature going on. He was like a caged animal who would go after you the minute the cage door was opened.”
Several people have asserted that Cohn had considerable influence on the Presidency of Donald Trump, e.g. Ivy Meeropol, director of Bully, Coward, Victim: The Story of Roy Cohn said “Cohn really paved the way for Trump and set him up with the right people, introduced him to Paul Manafort and Roger Stone—the people who helped him get to the White House.” Where’s my Roy Cohn? director Matt Tyrnauer told Esquire that he “was very aware of [Cohn’s] relationship with Donald Trump and the fact that he had a huge influence on him. Having done a lot of research and now made a film, I think that that’s actually understating it. I think Roy Cohn created a president from beyond the grave”.
Vanity Fair‘s Marie Brenner wrote in an article about Cohn’s mentorship of Trump: “Cohn—possessed of a keen intellect, unlike Trump—could keep a jury spellbound. When he was indicted for bribery, in 1969, his lawyer suffered a heart attack near the end of the trial. Cohn deftly stepped in and did a seven-hour closing argument—never once referring to a notepad… When Cohn spoke, he would fix you with a hypnotic stare. His eyes were the palest blue, all the more startling because they appeared to protrude from the sides of his head. While Al Pacino’s version of Cohn (in Mike Nichols‘s 2003 HBO adaptation of Tony Kushner’s Angels in America) captured Cohn’s intensity, it failed to convey his child-like yearning to be liked.”
Wayne Barrett, who spent dozens of hours interviewing Cohn and Trump beginning in the 70s, told Democracy Now! in 2016: “He was the weirdest guy. He was into the strangest stuff. He was a chicken hawk… yet he was the most virulently anti-gay guy you could imagine. And so, that was Donald’s mentor and constant sidekick, who represented all five of the organized crime families in the City of New York.”
A dramatic figure in life, Cohn inspired several fictional portrayals after his death. Probably the best known is in Tony Kushner’s Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes (1991), which portrays Cohn as a closeted, power-hungry hypocrite haunted by the ghost of Ethel Rosenberg as he denies dying of AIDS. In the initial Broadway production, the role was played by Ron Leibman; in the HBO miniseries (2003), Cohn is played by Al Pacino; and in the 2010 Off-Broadway revival by the Signature Theatre Company in Manhattan, the role was reprised by Frank Wood. Nathan Lane played Cohn in the 2017 Royal National Theatre production and the 2018 Broadway production. Cohn is also a character in Kushner’s one-act play, G. David Schine in Hell (1996). That play may have been inspired in part by the National Lampoon comic strip “Roy Cohn in Hell” (Feb. 1987), which depicts Cohn joining Hoover and Senator McCarthy in the nether regions.
Cohn is portrayed by James Woods in the biographical film Citizen Cohn (1992), by Joe Pantoliano in Robert Kennedy and His Times (1985), by George Wyner in Tail Gunner Joe (1977), and by David Moreland in The X-Files episode “Travelers” (1998), in which an elderly former FBI agent speaks to Agent Fox Mulder about the early years of the McCarthy era and the beginning of the X-Files.
He was the subject of two 2019 documentaries: Bully, Coward, Victim: The Story of Roy Cohn, directed by Ivy Meeropol (a documentary filmmaker and granddaughter of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg) and Matt Tyrnauer‘s Where’s My Roy Cohn?
- Cohn, Roy (1954). Only a Miracle Can Save America from the Red Conspiracy. Wanderer Printing Co.
- Cohn, Roy (1968). McCarthy. New American Library. ISBN 978-1125326596.
- Cohn, Roy (1972). A Fool for a Client: My Struggle Against the Power of a Public Prosecutor. Dell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-440-02667-9.
- Cohn, Roy (1977). McCarthy: The Answer to ‘Tail Gunner Joe’. Manor Books. ISBN 978-0-532-22106-7.
- Cohn, Roy (1981). How to Stand Up for Your Rights and Win!. Devin-Adair Publishers. ISBN 978-0-8159-5723-2.
- Cohn, Roy (1982). ‘Outlaws of Amerika’ The Weather Underground. Western Goals.
- Cohn, Roy (1986). Roy Cohn on Divorce: Words to the Wise and Not So Wise. Random House. ISBN 978-0-394-54383-3.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “Joshua Lionel Cowen”. JVL. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- ^ Geist, William E. (April 8, 1984). “The Expanding Empire of Donald Trump”. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- ^ Scott, A.O. (September 19, 2019). “‘Where’s My Roy Cohn?’ Review: A Fixer’s Progress”. The New York Times. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- ^ Schaefer, Stephen (September 19, 2019). “Documentary spotlights infamous fixer ‘Roy Cohn'”. Boston Herald. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- ^ Fry, Naomi (September 25, 2019). “Roy Cohn and the Making of a Winner-Take-All America”. The New Yorker. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “A mentor in shamelessness: the man who taught Trump the power of publicity”. The Guardian. London. April 20, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- ^ Auletta, Ken (December 1978). “Don’t Mess with Roy Cohn”. Esquire. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “Cohn Ko’D”. Time. July 7, 1986. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
One hospital attendant testified in a Florida court that Cohn ‘tried to take (Rosenstiel’s) hand for him to sign’ the codicil to his will. The lawyer eventually emerged with a document bearing what the New York judges described as ‘a number of “squiggly” lines which in no way resemble any letters of the alphabet.’
- ^ Jump up to:a b Mower, Joan (August 3, 1986). “Roy Cohn, Ex-Aide to Joseph McCarthy, Dead at 59”. Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
Roy Cohn, the flamboyant New York lawyer who catapulted to public prominence in the 1950s as the grand inquisitor of Sen. Joseph McCarthy’s communist-hunting congressional panel, died Saturday at the age of 59. Irene Haske, a spokeswoman at the National Institutes of Health, said the primary cause of Cohn’s death at 6 a.m. EDT was cardio-pulmonary arrest, with “dementia” and “underlying HTLV-III infections” listed as secondary causes.
- ^ “Mrs. Albert C. Cohn Dies. Roy Cohn’s Mother, 74”. The New York Times. New York City. June 6, 1967. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
Mrs. Dora Marcus Cohn, widow of Justice Albert C. Cohn of the State Supreme Court and mother of Roy M. Cohn, lawyer and industrialist, died last evening…
- ^ “Albert Cohn”. Historical Society of the New York Courts. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Krebs, Albin (August 3, 1986). “Roy Cohn, Aide to McCarthy and Fiery Lawyer, Dies at 59”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
Roy M. Cohn, the flamboyant, controversial defense lawyer who was chief counsel to Joseph R. McCarthy’s Senate investigations in the 1950s into Communist influence in American life, died yesterday at the age of 59.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Marcus, David L. (September 27, 2019). “5 Things You May Not Know About My Vile, Malicious Cousin Roy Cohn (Guest Blog)”. TheWrap. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Brenner, Marie (June 28, 2017). “How Donald Trump and Roy Cohn’s Ruthless Symbiosis Changed America”. Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on August 8, 2021. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- ^ Goodman, Walter (October 16, 1994). “In Business for Profit; Imagine That?”. The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
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By the time he was 20, Cohn, an alumnus of the Fieldston School in …
- ^ Columbia College Today. New York, N.Y.: Columbia College, Office of Alumni Affairs and Development. 1961.
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- ^ “False testimony clinched Rosenberg spy trial”. BBC News. December 6, 2001. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- ^ Zion, Sidney (1988). The Autobiography of Roy Cohn. Lyle Stuart. pp. 76–77. ISBN 9780818404719.
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- ^ Jason Epstein (October 19, 2010). Eating: A Memoir. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 123. ISBN 9781400078257.
Cohn’s position as Joseph McCarthy’s chief counsel was a job Joseph P. Kennedy had wanted for his son Bobby.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “The Press: The Man in the Middle”. Time. May 24, 1954. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
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Roy Cohn had threatened to “wreck the Army” in an attempt to get special treatment for one Private G. David Schine.
- ^ O’Harrow, Robert Jr.; Boburg, Shawn (June 17, 2016). “The man who showed Donald Trump how to exploit power and instill fear”. The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
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- ^ “Ex-Client Is Guilty Of Pestering Cohn”. The New York Times. New York City. September 25, 1981.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Dorfman, Zach (December 2, 2018). “The Congressman Who Created His Own Deep State. Really”. Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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- ^ Jump up to:a b Elliott, Justin (April 28, 2011). “Donald Trump’s racial discrimination problem”. Salon. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
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- ^ “Group Acquires Lionel Control. Roy Cohn Heads Syndicate That Has Bought More Than 200,000 Shares”. The New York Times. October 9, 1959. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- ^ Vartan, Vartanig G. (May 7, 1963). “Roy Cohn Loses Top Lionel Post. Board Elects Victor Muscat as Its New Chairman. Proxy Fight Sidetracked Earnings Record. Reviewed Shareowners Convene to Hear Reports on Company Operations During the Year”. The New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- ^ Labash, Matt (November 5, 2007). “Roger Stone, Political Animal, ‘Above all, attack, attack, attack – never defend.'”. The Weekly Standard. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
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- ^ Jump up to:a b Baram, Marcus (April 14, 2017). “Eavesdropping on Roy Cohn and Donald Trump”. The New Yorker. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- ^ Hedges, Michael and Seper, Jerry (June 30, 1989). “Power Broker Served Drugs, Sex at Parties Bugged for Blackmail”. The Washington Times.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Auletta, Ken (July 13, 2016). “Don’t Mess With Roy Cohn, The Man Who Made Donald Trump”. Esquire. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
- ^ Summers, Anthony (1993). Official and Confidential: The Secret Life of J Edgar Hoover. Pocket Books. pp. 254–255. ISBN 978-0-671-88087-3.
- ^ Dershowitz, quoted in Bully, Coward, Victim: The Story of Roy Cohn.
- ^ Von Hoffman 1988
- ^ Zion, Sidney (1988). The Autobiography of Roy Cohn. Lyle Stuart. pp. 60–61. ISBN 9780818404719.
- ^ Drogin, Bob (February 2, 1986). “Ill With Cancer, He May Be Disbarred : Roy M. Cohn Fights for His Life and Legal Career”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
- ^ Trueheart, Charles (April 2, 1988). “COHN A DARK STORY, TWICE TOLD”. Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
- ^ Hornblower, Margot (June 24, 1986). “Roy Cohn Is Disbarred By New York Court”. The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
- ^ Jump up to:a b von Hoffman, Nicholas (March 1988). “The Snarling Death of Roy M. Cohn”. Life. New York City: Time, Inc.
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- ^ Laurie, Piper (2011). Learning to Live Out Loud: A Memoir. Crown Archetype. p. 123.
I thought it was entirely possible Roy had romantic or sexual yearnings for David, who was a handsome six-foot-four Adonis, but the speculation that they were a homosexual couple was silly to me. Everything I knew about David from our relationship of over three years told me any sexual feelings Cohn might have had were not reciprocated.
- ^ Wolfe, Tom (April 3, 1988). “Dangerous Obsessions”. The New York Times. New York City.
But so far as Mr. Schine is concerned, there has never been the slightest evidence that he was anything but a good-looking kid who was having a helluva good time in a helluva good cause. In any event, the rumors were sizzling away…
- ^ Baxter, Randolph (November 13, 2006). “An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture”. glbtq, Inc. Archived from the original on January 29, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
Tall, rich, and suave, the Harvard-educated (and heterosexual) Schine contrasted starkly with the short, physically undistinguished, and caustic Cohn.
- ^ Zion, Sidney (1988). The Autobiography of Roy Cohn. Lyle Stuart. ISBN 9780818404719.
- ^ Fariello, Griffin (1995). Red Scare: Memories of the American Inquisition. An Oral History. W.W. Norton. p. 101.
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- ^ Marcus, David Lloyd (August 1987). “Roy Cohn’s Last Days”. Vanity Fair – via MaryEllenMark.com.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Toobin, Jeffrey (June 2, 2008). “The Dirty Trickster”. The New Yorker. p. 58. Retrieved May 31, 2008.
He was interested in power and access. He told me his absolute goal was to die completely broke and owing millions to the I.R.S. He succeeded in that.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Johnson, David K. (2004). The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. pp. 15–19. ISBN 978-0-226-40481-3.
- ^ McDaniel, Rodger (2013). Dying for Joe McCarthy’s Sins: The Suicide of Wyoming Senator Lester Hunt. Ware, Hertfordshire, England: Wordsworth Editions. ISBN 978-0983027591.
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- ^ Klotz, John (1995). “Roy Cohn and the Assassination of John F. Kennedy”. Back Channels: A Quarterly Publication of Historical & Modern Espionage, Assassinations & Conspiracies. Franklin Park, NJ, Kross Research & Publication Services. 4 (1).
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- ^ “Donald Trump once gifted his best friend diamond Bulgari cuff links. They turned out to be knockoffs”. The Week. June 20, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- ^ Drogin, Bob (August 3, 1986). “Roy Cohn, Hero and Villain of McCarthy Era, Dies at 59”. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
Millions of Americans watched the real-life TV drama as McCarthy and Cohn tangled with top Army officials, trading bitter charges and accusations. Army counsel John G. Adams testified that Cohn had threatened to “wreck the Army.” Army special counsel Joseph N. Welch also accused Cohn of doctoring a photo that was introduced as evidence.
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- ^ Kruse, Michael (September 19, 2019). “The Final Lesson Donald Trump Never Learned From Roy Cohn”. POLITICO Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
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- Herbert S. Parmet, ed. (1969). Reminiscences of Roy Marcus Cohn: Oral History, 1969. New York City: Columbia University Libraries. p. 15.
- Von Hoffman, Nicholas (1988). Citizen Cohn; The Life and Times of Roy Cohn. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-23690-4.
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- Zion, Sidney & Cohn, Roy (1988). The Autobiography of Roy Cohn. St Martins. ISBN 978-0-312-91402-8.
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